Dream of pond spring grass: zhu Xi’s four famous philosophical poems are inspiring and inspiring
Zhu Xi (1130-1200), courtesy name Yuanhui, was a famous thinker, philosopher, poet and educator in Chinese history.All his life, Zhu Xi was enthusiastic about education and made great achievements in both educational thought and practice.He rebuilt the famous White Deer Cave Academy and Yuelu Academy with his own hands. He also made academic rules and compiled textbooks for primary schools and universities, cultivating a large number of outstanding intellectuals for the Southern Song Dynasty.Bai Lu Cave Academy is one of the four famous academies in ancient China.This was the place where Li Bo, a poet of tang Dynasty, lived in seclusion and gave lectures in his early years.He kept a white deer and often went out with it to visit and visit.Therefore, people call Li Bo Mr. White Lu and his reading place white Lu Cave.The southern Tang Dynasty began to establish a school here, named Lushan Sinology, and the Song Dynasty set up an academy here, later due to the war, the academy was abandoned.Chunxi five years (1178), Song Xiaozong appointed Zhu Xi to know the Nankang army and advised farming.In October of the following year, when Zhu Xi visited the ponds, he found the abandoned site of white Deer Cave Academy under the guidance of the woodcutter.Zhu Xi felt it was a great pity that the academy was abandoned. Therefore, Zhu Xi wrote a petition to repair bai Lu Dong Academy submitted to the Ministry of Rites, stating the reasons for reviving the academy and applying for funds for reconstruction.Zhu Xi for the development of white Deer Cave academy can be said to be full of sweat, spare no effort.He personally presided over the reconstruction of White Deer Cave Academy, to Chun Xi in March, the restoration of white Deer Cave Academy completed.Zhu Xi had been the master of the cave himself, taught by himself, and widely hired other famous teachers.In order to make up for the lack of books, Zhu Xi searched all the books and words in jiangxi counties.He also set up school farmland to support poor students.Zhu Xi himself made the rules, known as the White Deer Cave Academy Canon.The Canon of White Deer Cave Academy is one of the earliest educational rules and regulations in the history of education in the world. It clearly expounds and provides detailed provisions on the educational purpose, training compendium, learning procedure and self-governance principle, and has become the standard mode of running schools for future generations of academies.Zhu Xi, the master of Neo-Confucianism in the Southern Song Dynasty, was a representative of Min Learning. He and Er Cheng Hao (Cheng Yi) were collectively known as the “Cheng zhu School”. He was honored as Zhu Zi by later generations.He was the only non-Confucius disciple who was enshrined in the Temple of Confucius and ranked among the twelve sages in the Hall of Dacheng.As an educator, a neo-confucianist, and a poet, Zhu Xi’s philosophical poems contain reason in the scene, and are brilliant in reasoning without leaving any traces.The author carefully selected four famous philosophical poems of Zhu Xi, enlightening and inspiring, friends, come to understand zhu Xi’s wisdom of life: 1, “Occasionally Become” young easy to learn old difficult to become, an inch of time is not light.Not aware of pond spring grass dream, step before wu leaves have autumn sound.Life is easy to grow old, but learning is not easy to succeed, so a little time is not to be despised, not to be wasted.Before the dream of spring grass in the pond wakes up, the leaves of the parasol trees in front of the steps are already making autumn sounds.One day in his later years, Zhu Xi took a walk to a school and saw a group of young students playing around by an outdoor pond.It was late autumn, and the leaves of the plane trees were falling in the wind.Zhu Xi thought of his grey hair, he could not help feeling a lot, casually recite this poem, later generations also the poem title “exhortation poetry”.In this poem, Zhu Xi urged us: youth is fleeting, learning is difficult to achieve, we should cherish their beautiful years, study hard, do not let precious time slip away from the side in vain.This truth is well known, but many people turn a blind eye, always wait until suddenly look back, just understand, time is gone, nothing.Only regret, time flies, the past can not be pursued.”I was born for tomorrow, and everything will be wasted.” So, we should cherish the present. From now on, we can finish, improve, persevere and always achieve success.Two, “Spring day” wins the day to find fang Sishui waterfront, boundless scene is new.Know the east wind surface, full of colors always spring.This poem, on the surface, is a poem about the scenery of spring outing. When the spring blossoms were warm and the east wind was blowing, Zhu Xi saw the vitality and beauty of nature in full bloom in spring.However, we look through the appearance, to explore carefully, we will find that this is not a simple spring outing scenery poem.Surabaya, now known as Surabaya river, was once a big river of huaihe River system in ancient times, and was called “Haidai Mingchuan”.According to “The Book of Mountains and Seas · The Book of East Within The Sea” records: “Surishui out of Shandong (refers to shandong capital Qufu) northeast, and south, southwest through the west of Huling, and southeast into the East Sea.”Shang Shu · Yu Gong” recorded that Dayu had personally experienced the Sihe river, “floating in huai Si, up to the river.”In the Southern Song Dynasty, the Jin army marched southward, shandong was captured, and Sishuibin was occupied by the Jin army.In the 11th year of Shaoxing of Emperor Gaozong of the Song Dynasty (1141), the Song and Jin dynasties signed the Shaoxing Peace Treaty, agreeing that the Territory of the Song and Jin dynasties should be bounded by huai River.Zhu Xi had never set foot on the shore of Surabaya in his life, so it was impossible for zhu Xi to enjoy spring scenery there.Then why did he write “To win the sun to find the fragrance of Surabaya Shore”?According to records, during the Spring and Autumn Period, the rivers of Zhu and Si ‘er flowed through Qufu, the capital of Lu State. Confucius gathered together to give lectures and founded the Confucian School, and Su Si Sui became a symbol of Confucian culture.In tan Gong, the Book of Rites, Zeng Zi said to Zi Xia, “My wife and I were in a state of soo and si.”Zhu Xi has been immersed in neo-confucianism, the heart of Confucius, yearning for Confucius ju Zhu si, song reciting, preaching success, so meaning in the mind wandering to find fang, write this poem.At this point, we can understand that zhu Xi’s “seeking fang” in “Sishuibin” refers to the way of seeking sages. “boundless scenery” means the vast space, “east wind” means enlightenment, and “a thousand colors” means the rich and colorful Confucianism.Zhu Xi compared the way of sages to the spring breeze that quickens life and ignites everything.In fact, this is a wonderful philosophical poem. Zhu Xi expressed his wish to pursue the way of the sage in the troubled times by speaking the truth in surabaya, the holy land of Confucius.Three, “book sense” its half mu square pond a mirror, tianguang cloud shadow wandering.Ask canal that clear so?For water fresh comes from its sourceHalf acres of square pond like opened a mirror, the sky and cloud shadow are reflected in the pond water, kept wandering back and forth.Why is the water in that pool so clear?Because it has an inexhaustible source of fresh water.The philosophy contained in this poem is similar to the meaning of “running water never rots, and a door-hinge never gets worm-eaten”. Only by constantly accepting new things and knowledge can we keep our vitality and vitality.It is used in reading, learning, art and life.Zhu Xi is worthy of being a master of Neo-Confucianism. He embodied philosophy in the scene without showing any traces. This is the brilliance of Zhu Xi.Four, “Reading a sense of feeling” second night river spring, Mengchong ship a hair light.Always in vain, this day flow free line.Last night the spring tides were rising along the river, and huge ships were floating on the water as lightly as feathers.When the water was shallow, it was useless to try to push the boat. Now the tide was high and the ship floated effortlessly in the middle of the water.This is the second part of “Reading books with feelings”, which is also about reading and studying through vivid examples.Zhu Xi used boating as a metaphor to get twice the result with half the effort only when the time is ripe.We are engaged in reading, learning, writing and other things, need to be full of knowledge, to have enough basic skills, when the basic skills accumulated to a certain extent, thick and thin, we can do these things with ease, freely.The above are the four famous philosophical poems of Zhu Xi carefully selected by the author. If you have any enlightenment, the author will be honored.Welcome friends to share and discuss.